25 February 2023

很多人都知道,Stephen Richards Covery 写过一本书叫做《高效能人士的七个习惯》(The 7 Habits of Highly Effective People)。

今天介绍的单词是另一个人写的书《Trust & Inspire: How Truly Great Leaders Unleash Greatness in Others》,作者名字叫 Stephen M.R. Covey。他好像,大概是 Stephen Richards Covery 的儿子。


You have conditioned them against jumping out of the jar and have severely circumscribed their potential. (Covey 2022)


作者举这个例子就是要说明命令+控制式领导对员工能力的负面作用。所以要成为信任+启发式领导。 Wise executives and managers now embrace a new leadership method and mind-set: “Trust & Inspire.”

当然,本文重点不是介绍信任与启发,而是介绍 circumscribe 这个单词。 circum 是拉丁语around、周围的意思。scribe 是书写的意思。所以合起来就是在周围画了个圈,限制其活动。就好象是孙悟空用金箍棒给唐僧他们画了个保护圈,限制他们的活动。

拉丁语 scribo, scribere, scripsi, scriptum 是书写的意思。相关的单词还有

  • conscript 征召,通过书写的文件,让人集合:Your body accords with conscript requirement completely.
  • describe 描述:How do you describe your books?
  • inscribe 铭记:His name is inscribed on the monument.
  • proscribe 禁止,反对的描述:The crux of the dispute was an initiative by a few members to proscribe any broadcasts to aliens, whether or not we receive a signal first.
  • postscript 附言,写在后面的文字:I mean an addendum which he called postscript.
  • subscribe 订阅:Which journals does the library subscribe to?
  • transcribe 转录: I have done some dictations that I need you to transcribe.
  • scribble 乱涂乱画:I’m sorry what I wrote was such a scribble.
  • scrivener 公证人、代笔人。

德语动词 schreiben 书写,直接就是拉丁语微调了一下么。法语动词 écrire 也有一些拉丁语的痕迹。

在讲到领袖的榜样作用时,《Trust & Inspire: How Truly Great Leaders Unleash Greatness in Others》书中还提到古希腊哲学家的领导力标准:

classic Greek philosophers’ focus on three leadership standards: “ethos, pathos and logos.” … Logos concerns logic. Take care to act in a logical, rational way that is appropriate in scale to the cirumstances.

这里也出现了 circum- 开头的单词 circumstance,即所出的环境,即条件、状况。在拉丁语里:

  • circumsto: 周围站着,stand around 即环境、状况。
  • circumlocution: 之前学习 red tap 的时候,遇到过这个词,迂回婉转。 This was no time for red tape and circumlocution, although these have their place in a well-ordered, placid system. 官僚习气和推三拖四的作风,在按部就班、平平稳稳的秩序里还可以,但现在却不合时宜。
  • circumduco: 带领着环绕,lead around。英语单词 circumduction 应该就是从这个词来的。 Circumduction is the movement of a body region in a circular manner, in which one end of the body region being moved stays relatively stationary while the other end describes a circle.
  • circumvenio: come around 绕着来。英语单词 circumvent 回避、规避、改道。Title II of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 mandates that hotels and other public accommodations must not discriminate based on race, national origin, sex, or religion, and Title VIII of the Civil Rights Act of 1968 (also known as the Fair Housing Act [FHA]) prohibits discrimination specifically in housing. However, Airbnb’s unique structure allows it to circumvent those laws. (Openstax 2019)


  • circumference: 周围承受,即图形的周长。
  • circumflex 法语单词中的 ^ 符号,比如 côte 中 o 上面的那个。

德语里 circumvent 就是 umgehen,相应的 circumscribe 就成了 umschreiben。


Covey, Stephen M.R. 2022. Trust & Inspire: How Truly Great Leaders Unleash Greatness in Others. Simon & Schuster.
Openstax. 2019. Principles of Management. Rice University.