19 February 2024

David Myers 的《犹太简史》(Myers 2017) 中提到犹太人之间的关系时,用到了 parlance 这个词:

In jocular parlance today, Jews often refer to one another as “members of the tribe” (MOTs).

这句话的意思是说,根据开玩笑的说法,犹太人把自己的同伴称为部落成员( MOT )。

学法语的同学看到这个 parlance 是不是觉得很熟悉呀? 法语“说”的动作 parler 似乎跟这个词同源的么。而 parlance 则是说的名词化,即“说法”。

再举个例子,这篇关于错误信息传播的文章中用到了这个词:According to the European Union, these concepts are “modern parlance for perennial phenomena such as propaganda and conspiracy theories”. 即根据现代的说法,误导信息传播是一个一直存在的现象。

再比如:The network perimeter protection idea comes from the ancient technique of using walls such as Hadrian’s Wall or the Great Wall for protecting a city. In networking parlance, a zone called a Demilitarised Zone (DMZ), aka a perimeter network, is created. (Rashid et al. 2021)

In the parlance of the IEEE standard, tininess is detected after rounding: Detecting tininess after rounding results in fewer spurious underflow signals. (Waterman and Asanović 2019)

另外一个词,parley 似乎也是和parler, parlance同源,它的意思是和谈。比如说:We arranged a parley with her. 我们跟她安排了一场和谈/谈判。


Myers, David N. 2017. Jewish History: A Very Short Introduction. Oxford University Press.
Rashid, Awais, Howard Chivers, Emil Lupu, Andrew Martin, and Steve Schneider. 2021. The Cyber Security Body of Knowledge.
Waterman, Andrew, and Asanović Krste. 2019. “The RISC-V Instruction Set Manual.”